Tendinitis involves inflammation of a tendon, the fibrous cord that attaches muscle to bone. It usually affects only one part of the body at a time, and usually lasts a short time.
Tendinitis usually affects people over 30, but can occur in younger people active in sports or who do repetitive work.
The areas most commonly affected by tendinitis are the shoulder (rotator cuff tendinitis or impingement syndrome), elbow (tennis elbow or golfer's elbow), wrist and thumb (de Quervain's disease), knee (jumper's knee), and ankle (Achilles tendinitis).
Calcific tendinitis, which occurs when calcium deposits build up in a joint, often appears in people with a chronic disease, such as diabetes.
Tendinitis can result from an injury, activity or exercise that repeats the same movement.
Tendinitis may be seen with certain inflammatory conditions (for example, Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis), autoimmune disorders (for example, diabetes mellitus), and some infections.
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