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Essential Fatty Acids, EFAs, omega-3 EFA's

Essential Fatty Acids, EFAs, omega-3, omega-6

There are two families of EFAs: Omega-3 (linolenic acid) and Omega-6 (linoleic acid).

Omega-3 fatty acids include Alpha Linolenic Acid (ALA), Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

The biochemical reaction is: ALA -> EPA -> DHA

ALA is found primarily in dark green leafy vegetables, flaxseed, walnut, chestnut, hemp and soy oil

EPA and DHA are found in oily cold-water fish cod liver, salmon, mackerel, tuna, hering and sardine.

Omega-6 fatty acids include Linoleic acid (LA), Gamma Linoleic Acid (GLA), and Dihydro Gamma Linoleic Acid (DHGLA).

The biochemical reaction is: LA -> GLA -> DHGLA

LA is found in safflower, sunflower, sesame, corn, cottonseed and soy
GLA is found in black currant, evening primrose oil and borage oil


Omega-3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids have been found to be helpful for:
skin problems, inflammatory disorders, autoimmune disease
hyperlipidemia - may lower triglycerides and lipids
rheumoid arthritis - fish oil has been found helpful
benign prostatic hypertrophy


1 tablespoon of oil is equivalent to 12 -15 capsules
400 iu vitamin E should be included with each tablespon




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CAM Labs lists lab tests for 100 diseases.

Nutritional Genetics is a fantastic resource.




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